In 1854 The Kansas-Nebraska Act was passed and created the territories of Kansas and Nebraska. The Journal of Southern History. Popular sovereignty was the political doctrine that the people who lived in a region should determine for themselves the nature of their government. This significantly weakened Douglas' own political position as his loss of the popular vote to Abraham Lincoln in the 1858 Illinois senatorial contest demonstrated. In opposition to the new legislature, abolitionist John Brown led a massacre of five men at a pro-slavery camp, setting off an outbreak of violence. Both territorial governments set about making laws, recording deeds, and writing constitutions. In 1854, after several weeks of debate, the Kansas-Nebraska Act was passed by Congress.
They met secretly at , Belgium, and drafted a dispatch at. Many in the North refused to believe that John Brown had butchered innocent people in cold blood. Why was popular sovereignty so well-supported as a just and fair way to settle the slavery question? Purpose of the Kansas-Nebraska Act: Another Compromise What was the purpose of the Kansas-Nebraska Act? For their part Republicans distributed as many as a million copies of Sumner's speech as Republican leaders found that Brooks' attack induced thousands to join the new party. Kansas-Nebraska set off a race, as Seward proclaimed, between pro-slavery and free soil partisans. Both Northern abolitionist groups and Southern interests rushed into the territory to try to control the local elections.
In March 1854, the steamer Black Warrior stopped at the Cuban port of on a regular trading route from New York City to. Fugitive Slave Act of 1793 Despite the inclusion of the Fugitive Slave Clause in the U. Lincoln had served one unhappy term in Congress in the late and had put his political aspirations aside. Slaves were property only, according to Taney, and would remain property even if they resided in free territory. Therefore he sided with the South of slave issues and wanted people who were anti-slavery to not vote. Northerners harshly condemned the ruling, while Southerners celebrated it. The question of Cuba's annexation was effectively set aside until the late 19th century, when support grew for Cuban independence from Spain.
To act otherwise, to undertake to discriminate between the domestic institutions of one and another, would be to act in total subversion of the end for which it was established--to be the common protection and guardian of all. As the Democrats gained strength in the South, they lost ground in the North as the new American aka Know-Nothing and Republican parties succeeded in painting northern Democrats as cats paws for southern policies. Pierce had been highly sympathetic to the Southern cause, and the controversy over the Ostend Manifesto contributed to the splintering of the Democratic Party. Proslavery forces won the election by several thousand fraudulent votes. The case concerned Edward Prigg, a Maryland man who was convicted of kidnapping after he captured a suspected slave in. Internationally, it was seen as a threat to Spain and to imperial power across.
The event brought the two rivals in Illinois back into nearly constant conflict. Once again pro-slavery supporters won and once again they were charged with election fraud. It had taken all of Douglas' very considerable parliamentary skills to cobble together separate majorities for each of its provisions. In order to ensure the statute was enforced, the 1850 law also placed control of individual cases in the hands of federal commissioners. In 1851 a mob of antislavery activists rushed a Boston courthouse and forcibly liberated an escaped slave named Shadrach Minkins from federal custody.
Southerners did not want to bring in a single large state that would be free. This only led to further violence and by late 1856, over 200 people in Kansas had been killed. The Act served to repeal the Missouri Compromise of 1820 which prohibited slavery north of latitude 36°30´. This would let the people to decide whether or not they wanted slavery. Who wrote the Kansas-Nebraska Act? On January 29, 1861, just before the start of the Civil War, Kansas was admitted to the Union as a free state.
Douglas, who coined the term, thought the settlers should vote on their status early in territorial development. While there were still Northerners who believed the United States should dominate the continent, most were opposed to Cuba's annexation, particularly as a slave state. Senate was considering the free soil constitution submitted by the Lawrence territorial government. Fugitive Slave Act of 1850 Following increased pressure from Southern politicians, Congress passed a revised Fugitive Slave Act in 1850. Congress on May 30, 1854. There is a very useful at Teaching American History. Instead it must protect all equally.
Answer: Â Senator Stephen A. Douglas introduced his bill in early 1854, and it passed the Senate in March. In the course of the debate, Charles Sumner, Republican Senator from Massachusetts, delivered his full text at Furman address in which he excoriated pro-slavery advocates, especially Andrew Butler, Democrat of South Carolina. At the same time, the U. These new elected officials quickly moved to establish laws that supported slavery. Pennsylvania The legality of Personal Liberty Laws was eventually challenged in the 1842 case Prigg v.
It undid the Compromise of 1850, the sectional truce Douglas had played the key role in arranging, by reopening the question of slavery in the territories. The press in both Europe and the U. They fared even worse in the South where Democratic support for Kansas-Nebraska settled in their favor the competition over which party was the stronger friend of slavery. To preserve what favorable relations the administration had left, Soulé was ordered to cease discussion of Cuba; he promptly resigned. Resistance also occasionally boiled over into riots and revolts. And the terms of the Kansas-Nebraska Act followed suit. By allowing the people decide the issue of slavery in these two states, the Kansas-Nebraska Act made the Missouri Compromise null and void by allowing slavery to expand north of the 36'30 latitude line.