The ironic presence of this moral sermon in a story told by an immoral man points again at the hypocrisy within the church. For just as they had planned his death before, Just so they murdered him, and that anon. Soon they lay dead around their dead friend leaving the gold for nobody. Chilon was one of the seven sages of Greece, and flourished about B. He cares not about helping people like a pardoner should just about his own welfare, and if he does happen to help somebody it was purely coincidental.
The men set out to avenge them and kill Death. Its poetic verses often disguised the disdain that Chaucer possessed for the hypocritical behaviors that were and in many ways still are present with the religious leaders. According to his custom, he tells the pilgrims the value of his relics and asks for contributions—even though he has just told them the relics are fake. He bluntly accuses himself of fraud, avarice, and gluttony—the very things he preaches against. The youngest draws the short straw and leaves. It is a successful — but ultimately unsuccessful — search. As if on automatic pilot, the Pardoner completes his tale just as he would when preaching in the villages, by displaying his false relics and asking for contributions.
Likewise, his self-evaluation makes his character noteworthy: He maintains that, although he is not moral himself, he can tell a very moral tale. As a member of the church, the Monk should devote his time to religious matters, for example coping out the bible by hand. The fake relics function as an extension of the Pardoner himself. He tries to teach the rakes a lesson, and in the process they meet their deaths. Then he covers the middle class the Merchant, the Clerk, and the Man of Law, for example and ultimately descends to the most vulgar the Miller and the Reeve. When they had gone not even half a mile, they met an old, poor man at a style, who greeted them courteously.
Their willingness to abandon their noble if not foolish quest demonstrates the weakness of their moral characters. However, rather than an apology for his vices, the Pardoner boasts of his duping of his victims, for whom he has nothing but contempt. The Pardoner is also a grotesquery, marginalized to the periphery in manuscript decoration. Do we have a perverse Trinity in the three revellers? And ever the higher he is of estate, The more he is holden desolate. They draw lots, and the youngest of the three loses and runs off toward town. And yet, God wot, Samson drank never wine. The Pardoner admits that he preaches solely to get money, not to correct sin.
Therefore humans choose to disregard death and get pleasure from life, and consequently we tend to stray away from righteousness. The Pardoner's use of exemplum indicates that this story is not his own but rather taken from another source. Death is personified in the pardoner's tale. According to Diogenes Laertius, he died, under the pressure of age and joy, in the arms of his son, who had just been crowned victor at the Olympic games. However, as soon as he had gone to the town, the two remaining drunkards plotted amongst themselves to stab him upon his return, and then split the gold between them.
His tale is in many ways the exemplar of the contradiction which the structure of the Tales themselves can so easily exploit, and a good touchstone for highlighting precisely how Chaucer can complicate an issue without ever giving his own opinion. Paraventure there may fall one or two Down of his horse, and break his neck in two. His choices have fundamentally changed who he is so that this wickedness is now part of his identity. By ending this story with the Pardoner asking for money, the frame becomes evident behind the story. This done, the company continues on its way. Three friends were drinking when they hear the funeral knell and one of them tells the others that one of their old friends has been killed by a person named death.
He says his sorrow stems from old age—he has been waiting for Death to come and take him for some time, and he has wandered all over the world. These authors utilize plot to reveal the role of death in understanding life. We can assume that the Pardoner is well practiced in the art of telling this specific tale, and he even inserts some of his sermon into it. The old man in rags is a typical character in a parable, a prophet-like figure who gives the travelers information that turns out to be dangerous. At this point the Knight intervenes and urges them to make peace.
The drunkards ran until they came to the tree, and, underneath it, they found eight bushels of gold coins. In this way, the Pardoner implies that swearing and crucifying Christ are the same thing. But in town the youngest buys poison for two of the three bottles he brings back. I recke never, when that they be buried, Though that their soules go a blackburied. O gluttony, lechery, and hazardry! In his descriptions of the pilgrims in The Prologue, Chaucer begins with a description of the most noble, the Knight, and then includes those who have pretensions to the nobility, such as the Squire, and those whose manner and behavior suggest some aspects of nobility, such as the Prioress. Why do you live so long in so great age? Being gamblers, they draw straws to decide who will go to town to bring snacks and drinks, since it's gonna be a long night. Gluttony, the in that had Adam and Eve were thrown out of Eden; drunkenness that makes a person lose his conscience; gambling that kindles greed in people; and swearing.
Why split the gold three ways when you can do it two ways? It is another way in which he uses his rhetoric to convince the audience of his moral. In fact, he accuses his host of being the greatest sinner of the group and challenges him to 'pay up' first. Tale: The tale is an exemplum on avarice. Both are hypocritical, although they show this hypocrisy in different ways. It's great pacing for effective shock and uneasiness. So in any case the telling is set up as a hollow ritual.