King's speech was one of the most influential during the era of the Civil Rights Movement and is to this day recognized as a masterpiece due to its effect on the audience as well as for its eloquence and language. It came as a joyous daybreak to end the long night of their captivity. The following are the chief literary devices that he used to make his speech sink deeper in the hearts of the Negroes but also the Whites who were the target enemy. Let freedom ring from every hill and molehill of Mississippi. Here Stevie Edwards looks at what makes it so memorable. This is intended to display pathos, as it is very effective in bringing upon the anger and frustration felt by the large majority of black citizens in the crowd. But perhaps the reason it is so memorable is because King was a master of literary and rhetorical devices.
Also, a special thanks to our intern Sammy Feldblum for scouring the planet and internet for the best literary term examples out there. Hereafter some literary techniques are quoted and explained. Then you can have students discuss or write about the speech using the literary terminology. Analogy is also the important literary techniques in the speech. Let us not seek to satisfy our thirst for freedom by drinking from the cup of bitterness and hatred. Wirkung und Funktion sind nicht immer leicht herauszuarbeiten, weshalb du weiter unten zu jedem einzelnen Stilmittel allgemeine Informationen findest.
The Constitution and the Declaration of Independence are documents of historical importance that he refers to for establishing credibility. When overused, it can also be cloying or irritating. Effect: This refers back to our country, which has so much pride in itself. Through his words he was trying to ignite the passion within his audience and that they could bring the long cherished dream of equality true. Example: I have a dream that my four little children will one day live in a nation where they will not be judged by the color of their skin but by the content of their character. Example: Five score years ago, a great American…signed the Emancipation Proclamation. His happiness is the reflection of the strength that comes from being the leader of the masses and the logic for which he is standing there is freedom.
He tries to make his listeners visualize, feel, and taste the kind of the future he is talking about. Another literary device Dr Martin used is Metaphor. This is a contrast made clear by using contrasting language. In this case, he's attempting to make an argument for the urgency of getting change done now: We have also come to this hallowed spot to remind America of the fierce urgency of now. Speech Video: Martin Luther King Jr. No, no, we are not satisfied, and we will not be satisfied until justice rolls down like waters and righteousness like a mighty stream.
Now is the time to rise from the dark and desolate valley of segregation to the sunlit path of racial justice. And he makes it clear that he needs everyones help in order for it to happen. Example: Rise from the dark and desolate…the marvelous new militancy…trials and tribulations… Allusion. Some of you have come fresh from narrow jail cells. Lesson 3: Utilize Appropriate Quotations or Allusions Evoking historic and literary references is a powerful speechwriting technique which can be executed explicitly a direct quotation or implicitly allusion. They are speech building blocks to the writer, as bricks are to the mason. This is for everybody because everybody has the right to be free under National Law.
Now is the time to make justice a reality for all of God's children. This heart warming speech marked the beginning of a new era in the black history. We refuse to believe that there are insufficient funds in the great vaults of opportunity of this nation. He also refers to Americans as heirs to which this debt is owed, to signify that all the people are entitled to their inalienable and unquestionable rights. In the above paragraph, Dr Martin uses the metaphors of promissory note check and insufficient funds bouncing to engage the listener, since America is a capitalist society, so this metaphor is well understood by his audience due to its familiarity.
O death, where is your sting? Logos- Logical appeal; The content of the argument such as facts, statistics, expert testimony, or anecdotes. Metonymy These places are not chosen at random. One hundred years later, the Negro is still languished in the corners of American society and finds himself an exile in his own land. One hundred years later, the Negro lives on a lonely island of poverty in the midst of a vast ocean of material prosperity. Many components went into this passionate speech that portrayed King's hopes for racial equality and a brighter future made the speech as moving as it was. You could even just focus on metaphors.
R was a black American born in the time in which America was segregated. Conclusion This speech change America forever. This is the repetition of the same pattern of words or phrases within a sentence or passage to show that two or more ideas have the same level of importance. And those who hope that the Negro needed to blow off steam and will now be content will have a rude awakening if the nation returns to business as usual. All of the changes to the phrase? After these lines he shifts the focus to the history of America and the foundation of the great nation. Thank God Almighty, we are free at last. Since primary school I dreamed of gaining influence and importance in adulthood not being propelled by a desire for riches, but by an intrinsic need to improve the lives of people.