Future plans call for dredging of the harbour to a depth of 20 meters to allow for docking of larger vessels. Construction of Warehouses and Storages. Pakistani ports of Karachi and Gwadar are barely 1600km away. The Gwadar Port project will also complement China's , which includes not only Xinjiang, but also the neighbouring regions of and. In 1997, a government-appointed task force identified Gwadar as one of the focus area of development, but the project did not launch due to economic sanctions imposed against following its.
Additionally, the corridor runs through Pakistan-controlled portion of the divided Kashmir region, drawing objections from rival India. For most of its history, Gwadar was a small to medium-sized settlement with an economy largely based on. Firstly, influx of people from rest of the country may throw them in minority. This has put this project depends on the peace and stability in Afghanistan which does not seem probable in near future since more than half of Afghan territory is controlled by the Taliban or other insurgent and terrorist groups. In the 15th century the conquered many parts of India and Oman. Gwadar will reduce the distance to a mere 5000 kilometres and also serve round the year - as Gwadar is a blue water deep sea port.
Now, the Pakistanis could not wrest control over Gwadar by force because of the British support to the Omani Sultan. This would ultimately help socio-economic uplift of locals through various development projects. The Port, which is currently being developed in by the Chinese government as another alternate route around the Straits of Malacca, will likely be vulnerable to similar advances by the Indian Navy. Capital gains will be exempted from tax for 5 years. A separate allocation of one billion rupees was made in the budget for the fiscal year 2004-2005 for the construction of the export zone and Gwadar industrial city. China is also exploring ways to tap Saudi Arabian gas through Gusa Gas Company of Qatar that already has a joint venture for a deep sea pipeline with Pakistan. Although Gwadar is situated outside the belt, it receives light monsoon showers in summer June—August.
Recent agreements between the Myanmar and Chinese governments have given renewed impetus to this strategic vision, which has been on. Iranian, Chabahar port is emerging as a strict competitor and has potential to create challenges for the Gwadar port. Later on, the British claimed that the area was permanently gifted to the Sultan by Mir Nasir, however, local accounts and the declassified documents of that time refute this claim. The Gwadar port located by the Arabian sea in Pakistan's Balochistan province is being developed by Pakistan in partnership with China. In the middle of the 18th century, captured Gwadar and its surrounding areas after defeating the Gichki Baloch tribe and included it in the Kalat Khanate. Remnants of Oman era buildings can also be found in the city.
In 2003, the Gwadar Development Authority was established to oversee the planning and development of Gwadar and Gwadar Industrial Estate Development Authority was established to promote industrial activities in mega port city of Gwadar. Why the new emerging super power China has invested heavily in this project? In addition to vulnerabilities it faces in the Straits of Malacca region, China is heavily dependent upon sea-routes that pass through the , near the and , which are currently a source of tension between China, Taiwan, Vietnam, the Philippines, and the United States. The premier backed Tajikistan's request for being part of the Quadrilateral Agreement on Traffic in Transit among China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Pakistan — an arrangement that will further improve regional connectivity. Gwadar port is not only economically beneficial for Pakistan but is also of immense geopolitical interest as it sought global attention. All the host and investor countries of both economic corridors should join hands if their mind of encircling by other country is not changing both projects will not achieve their full benefits. Archived from on 7 February 2015.
Gwadar port will be an important base in the Chinese string of pearls which is an important component of Chinese maritime military strategy. The area north of the city and Gwadar Promentory is flate and generally barren. On July 1, 1977, Makran District was upgraded into a division and was divided into three districts of Turbat Kech since 1994—95 , Panjgur and Gwadar. However, realizing that maintaining control of the area will be difficult without the support of the Gichkis, Mir Nasir entered into an agreement with the local Gichki Chief, which allowed the Gichkis to maintain administrative control of the area, in return for furnishing half the collected revenues to Kalat, this arrangement continued till 1783. Ministry of External Affairs India. However, Pakistan seriously needs to address these challenges and expedite its work on Gwadar Port which is a key to economic prosperity, regional connectivity and maritime development for Pakistan. The construction at the port needs to be back on track and the parallel projects should be initiated.
The Saindak project had also been leased out to a Chinese firm. The government is setting technical training centres in area to train people. On the other hand, the Chabahar port project plans to link India with Central Asia by traversing the entire length of Afghanistan. As Pakistan signaled that they may link Gwadar to Chabahar port this will prove great strategy if the two economic corridors are interlinked with each other. They have a fear that people coming from other areas may grab the major share of economic opportunities. The berth project represents the only direct investment in port infrastructure mentioned in the May 2016 agreements.
The port initially remained underutilized after construction for a variety of reasons, including lack of investment, security concerns, and the Government of Pakistan's failure to transfer land as promised to the port operator,. The geostrategic location of Gwadar port will make it as a most significant shipping hub in this region. This thesis will identify all the necessary steps required to bring the Gwadar Port Project into action. In 1992, Gwadar fish harbor reached its completion. Gwadar underwent major development from 2002 to 2007.
It is one of the few countries which witness all four seasons and thus deals with their consequent effects on its economy. In September 2011, the Wall Street Journal reported that Gwadar was being underused as commercial port, and that Pakistan had asked the Chinese government to assume operations of the port. Disclaimer: The views expressed in this article are those of the author and The Balochistan Point not necessarily agrees with them. Oil Factor and the Alternate Port. Gwadar can act as an international trade hub for Pakistan. Main reservoirs of oil and gas are in Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan. Care should be taken in its development and construction to ensure that the local population benefits both through employment on the construction site and after it has been built.