Tiresias tells Oedipus that he, Oedipus, is the defiler. And what does a closer analysis of its plot features and themes reveal? Why is his name Oedipus? But before we get into specifics about the play, let's talk about motifs. Oedipus leads the king, his daughters, and a small group of attendants out of the grove. Greek authors routinely drew their basic material from a cycle of four epic poems, known as the Theban Cycle, that was already ancient in the fifth century B. Oedipus mocks and rejects the prophet angrily, ordering him to leave, but not before Tiresias hints darkly of an incestuous marriage and a future of blindness, infamy, and wandering.
When Creon then tries to seize Oedipus himself by force, the chorus cries for help. He guesses that Creon wants to become king and is trying to overthrow him by asking the seer to come. Analysis Oedipus is notable for his compassion, his sense of justice, his swiftness of thought and action, and his candor. The play opens with the citizens begging they king to get rid of the plague that has taken, so many lives in the city. If you are a lover of plays, this is one of the must-reads. Oedipus replies that he sees and understands the terrible fate of Thebes, and that no one is more sorrowful than he. Jocasta and the chorus believe Creon is innocent and beg Oedipus to let Creon go.
He sends for Theseus, and when the king arrives, he tells Theseus that if the king keeps Oedipus's burial place a secret, then Oedipus's presence there will be a great defense for the city of Athens. In the play, Oedipus tries to find out who this bad man might be, and with the help of the blind seer Tiresias he gradually realizes that he himself, Oedipus, is the bad man, because he has killed his father the man at the crossroads and married his mother, just as the oracle said he would. When the murderer is punished, the plague will end and they will be all saved. They come back and Theseus kicks Creon out of town. Creon speaks with a messenger who fled in terror from the roadside where Laius was killed. Thebes has been struck by a plague, the citizens are dying, and no one knows how to put an end to it.
Oedipus says that he didn't ask for the crown, it was given him as a result of solving the riddle of the sphinx and so ridding the city of its problems. Jocasta urges Oedipus not to look into the past any further, but he stubbornly ignores her. Then, before leaving the stage, Tiresias puts forth one last riddle, saying that the murderer of Laius will turn out to be both father and brother to his own children, and the son of his own wife. If there is such a force, is a man capable of fighting it? Well, she and Laius had the child killed, so obviously that prophecy didn't come true, right? Oedipus then strides off with a sudden strength, taking his daughters and Theseus to his grave. The shepherd took him back to Corinth where young Oedipus was raised by his adoptive parents.
They aren't usually subtle - the are meant to catch the reader's attention with the intent of building or supporting the overarching themes. It's the same place where Oedipus once fought with several people and killed them, one of whom fit the description of Laius. The witness is a shepherd, and he refuses to speak about it even though he is asked. As proof, she notes that the Delphic oracle once told Laius he would be murdered by his son, when in fact his son was cast out of Thebes as a baby, and Laius was murdered by a band of thieves. Jocasta tells Oedipus not to put any stock in what prophets and seers say. Queen Jocasta kills herself and Oedipus, in a fit of grief, gouges out his own eyes.
At first the shepherd refuses to speak, but under threat of death he tells what he knows — Oedipus is actually the son of Laius and Jocasta. When he got there, the Thebans were very upset because somebody had killed their king, Laius. Oedipus the King might also be called the first detective story in Western literature. Oedipus doesn't want to speak to him but is persuaded to listen by Antigone and Theseus. But that is not all he is anxious about. This is only revealed after he speaks to a blind prophet - he is able to see how things are only by the hand of a man who cannot see at all.
Open to your sponsorships, link exchanges, or just friendly talk about history. He then taunts the blind seer. Creon decides to pardon Ismene, but vows to kill Antigone by walling her up alive in a tomb. Oedipus is really bummed by this, and Theseus sends his own soldiers to get the girls back. The oracle has predicted that the burial place of Oedipus will bring good fortune to the city in which it is located, and both sons, as well as Creon, know of this prophecy. Oedipus tells his story, as he knows it: He was the son of Polybus of and Merope, or so he thought until a drunk told him he was illegitimate.
When the city of Thebes is cursed with the plague, the King, Oedipus, seeks the advice of Apollo on how they can get the curse lifted. Jocasta, upset and distraught, kills herself and Oedipus, equally upset and distraught, gouges out his eyes and flees the city. Thebes is at a crossroads between what is sure destruction at the hands of the plague and a potential healing. And since Oedipus has a knack for actually bringing death and suffering to those he curses, Polyneices asks his sisters to bury him when he dies. The chorus agrees to wait for Theseus. Tiresias the seer then reveals that the man Oedipus killed on the road was Laius — the former king of Thebes and shock horror! What does all this mean, when we stop and analyse it in terms of the interplay between fate and personal actions in Oedipus the King? Oedipus asks a priest why the citizens have gathered around the palace.
Oedipus promises to work for the revenge, which satisfies the priest. For this reason, the first song of the chorus is called the par odos or eis odos because the chorus enters at this time , although the subsequent ones are called stasima, standing songs. This is where it gets weird. The queen of Corinth called the baby Oedipus, which means swollen foot, on account of the pin through his feet. The priest summarizes the dismal plight of Thebes. Further pressed, he says it was probably Laius' son, but Jocasta would know better, since it was Jocasta who gave the child to him to dispose of because the prophecies told that that child would kill its father. Motifs, symbols, and themes can be easy to get confused because they are similar, and in fact relate to each other, but they are not the same thing.