If this is the case, each element should end with a period, rather than a comma or semicolon, and should begin with a capital letter. Unlike a series, a list can include elements that are all full sentences, or even paragraphs. Center and double space your name and the name of your college, university, or institution. Locate this information at the edge of your paper's right-hand margin. Sections of similar importance have the same level of heading.
Your University Name Write your affiliation on the next line. See page 23-24 of the manual for more information. Avoid pointless words and abbreviations. The running head is a shortened title no more than 50 characters, including spaces that appears on every page. Here are some guidelines on formatting your table. When to Use a Block Quotation A typical quotation is enclosed in double quotation marks and is part of a sentence within a paragraph of your paper. Please note, steps may vary depending on the word processor you are using.
Title The primary goal of a title should be to summarize the main idea s of your paper simply and clearly. Proceed through the levels numerically, starting with Level 1, without skipping levels. A good figure is easy to read with elements large enough to be read easily. Remember that: it needs to be a phrase that makes sense on its own. Major Paper Sections Your essay should include four major sections: the Title Page, Abstract, Main Body, and References.
As for your title, it should be no more than 12 words long. To do this, indent as you would if you were starting a new paragraph, type Keywords: italicized , and then list your keywords. Your abstract should be between 150 and 250 words. These are not headings but labels for these sections. Then, include a list of 3—10 words or phrases relevant to your paper topic; separate them with commas, and do not end with a period. Include the title of your paper in all capital letters flush left, along with the page number flush right.
It is not necessary to include the page number s in the citation, but it may be helpful, especially if the source is very long e. The running head examples above show the required formatting for the title page and subsequent pages. These pages also require use of a running header following the same format as in the main text. Your goal should be to craft a title that can stand alone and be fully explanatory without further elaboration. If material is paraphrased i. Instructors should provide their preferred formatting guidelines if they require tables of contents; if guidelines are not included with the assignment or syllabus, students can request them. The running head is shown at the top of every page in your paper.
Material quoted directly from another source i. Here are some guidelines on creating your figure. Do not highlight text in your paper. Title Page Like the rest of your paper, your whole title page should be double-spaced. In running text, a series of items is designated by letters in parentheses: a first item, b second item, and c third item. Usually questions about tables of contents come from students or teachers who want the information to complete a class assignment.
This may include the college or university that you attend. First and foremost you will have one-inch margins on all sides and your running head will be set. Instructors who require other information on the title page should supply students with examples of their preferred format. If a heading is said to be in sentence case, that means you should format it as though it were a normal sentence, with only the first letter of the first word and of any proper nouns capitalized e. All text on the title page, and throughout your paper, should be double-spaced.
Their aim was not to give college student's fits; rather, they sought to codify scientific writing to make it easier to read and comprehend. Similarly, if you have a paper with five levels of headings, you would use Level 1 formatting for the highest level and Level 5 formatting for the lowest level. The running head includes the words running head on the title page only, your short title, and the page number 1. Beneath the title, type the author's name: first name, middle initial s , and last name. The purpose of the running head is to make the paper identifiable without using the name of the author; this style is commonly used in journal articles, since journals need to be able to evaluate a paper without bias toward the author. Because the Publication Manual provides guidelines for writers submitting manuscripts to scholarly journals, it is silent on the topic of tables of contents. Your abstract should contain at least your research topic, research questions, participants, methods, results, data analysis, and conclusions.
Listing your keywords will help researchers find your work in databases. Common requirements include accurately listing author affiliations universities or medical centers , the corresponding author contact information is probably going to be necessary for every journal submission, financial disclosures and conflicts of interest, and sometimes a journal will require a word count on that first page as well. Style preferences for undergraduate writing can vary by discipline, university, and instructor. Also include a running header a short title of your paper on the title page. Set the cursor just to the left of the number 1 and type Running head: and then your abbreviated title in all caps.
Left-justified in the header i. To better visually distinguish a list from the surrounding text, be sure to leave an extra blank line between the last line of the list and the first line of the following paragraph. Left-justify the title in the header across all pages of the manuscript. The number 2 should already be there. Page Numbers To insert page numbers in Microsoft Word: 1.