While staying off the topic of the war, it allows them to grow closer and form a stronger relationship. The few characters in the novel who actually support the effort—Ettore Moretti and Gino—come across as a dull braggart and a naïve youth, respectively. The inspiration for Catherine Barkley was , a nurse who cared for Hemingway in a hospital in Milan after he had been wounded. For that matter, he has replaced his loyalty to the Italian army with loyalty to Catherine. They have very deep conversations, and these exchanges often change the way Frederic thinks about things.
She was slightly unreasonable from this, to the point where she was a little crazy, crying uncontrollably and saying strange things. The characters in A Farewell to Arms seem to epitomize this struggle. Miss Van Campen The shrewish superintendent of the Milan hospital, she takes an immediate disliking to Henry. Through Henry's conversations with him regarding the war, the novel challenges abstract ideals like glory, honor, and sacredness. This shows that even though Henry was out of the army and reunited with Catherine, the war can still stand in the way of his pursuit of happiness. She meets Henry, the two fall in love, and she becomes pregnant. The novel, set against the backdrop of World War I, describes a love affair between the expatriate Henry and an English nurse, Catherine Barkley.
Meyers A somewhat sinister American expatriate. Which will continuously allow them to find refuge in each other. She also happened to have a boyfriend who died right before she met Frederic. Catherine Barkley was introduced to Frederic early in the book by Rinaldi, and she quickly fell in love with Frederic. In the fourth section, Catherine and Frederic reunite and spend some time in Stresa before Frederic learns he will soon be arrested. Concepts such as these mean nothing to him beside such concrete facts of war as the names of the cities in which he has fought and the numbers of decimated streets.
While the degree to which Catherine is conflicted remains open to debate, her loyalty to Henry does not. From there their relationship grows to one where Catherine and Henry need the war to take them away from the pain of not being with each other. Catherine uses her physical attributes to seduce men as her coping mechanism. How has he done so? Even after he has been severely wounded, he discourages Rinaldi from pursuing medals of distinction for him. He has caught up to Catherine Barkley and now understands the world and his place in it.
Against the backdrop of war, Hemingway offers a deep, mournful meditation on the nature of love. In the end, Henry ponders what happened to his friend, did he pay a price for his careless lifestyle. On the contrary, Frederic Henry can love in a true way, and he does have a good side that is shown throughout the book. In terms of characters and characterization versus plot and theme , A Farewell to Arms is the story of Lieutenant Frederic Henry and the way he grows and changes, lives and learns, in order to catch up to the Nurse Catherine Barkley with respect to experience and the wisdom that it brings. . As the title of the novel makes clear, A Farewell to Arms concerns itself primarily with war, namely the process by which Frederic Henry removes himself from it and leaves it behind.
The war forces them to act in a way that neither felt they would ever have to do. She is not very fond of what is going on between Catherine and Frederic, and expresses this throughout the book. While this registers as an unpleasant end, it is presented with an air of detached likelihood rather than fervent moralizing. He is continuously referring to the brothels that he visits. The love that began as a diversion for the both of them, becomes something powerful that helps to keep them going.
A young American ambulance driver in the Italian army during World War I, Henry meets his military duties with quiet stoicism. Count Greffi An aging but vigorous Italian who befriends Henry in Stresa and serves as a mentor to him. However, she gains some measure of independence later on, as when she helps Henry row the boat across the lake for their escape, but she is typically submissive and eager to please with Henry thought, to her credit, so is he with her. With the turmoil that surrounds them, the normalcy they once felt is gone. Bonello, like his fellow drivers, does not believe in the cause of the war, and he leaves the group during the Italian retreat to become a prisoner. Miss Van Campen The hostile superintendent of nurses.
Count Greffi - A spry, ninety-four-year-old nobleman. Ernest Hemingway A to Z: The Essential Reference to the Life and Work. Walker An American nurse at the hospital in Milan. Often the butt of the officers' jokes, he responds with good-natured understanding. In this regard, he is the opposite of Henry, who does not care at all about personal glory. And yet the dynamic of Henry's naivete versus Catherine's experience and maturity is reiterated as Henry tries to make a date for the night after the operation, and she insists he will be in no shape to see her. About the Author Michael Stratford is a National Board-certified and Single Subject Credentialed teacher with a Master of Science in educational rehabilitation University of Montana, 1995.
Lieutenant Frederic Henry - protagonist and narrator of the novel. Sadly, he carries that understanding into the rain alone and broken, and forever without her. Passini and Bonello Ambulance drivers serving under Henry. Miss Gage A young, pretty nurse Henry befriends with while he recovers in the Milan hospital. Catherine Barkley is an English nurse that Frederic falls madly in love with. The puzzle is that you cannot be sure if the other characters are really developing, or simply revealing other sides of themselves.